C- b te: A i?N 5
Vol. 10. No. 13
WELLESLEY, MASS., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1911
Price 5 Cents
GERMAN SONG RECITAL.
Under the auspices of the Deutscher
Verein, Mr. A. L. Denghausen gave a most
delightful song recital at Billings Hall, on the
evening of January seventh.
Mr. Denghausen's program was an ex-
ceedingly attractive one, containing many of
the best-known songs from the famous Ger-
man composers. Beginning with Schubert
and Schumann, and their simpler, but no
less beautiful style of song, he ended with
the more complicated and studied composi-
tions of Brahms, Wolf and Strauss, inter-
preting all with a great delicacy of feeling,
and with a certain restraint. Between these
two divisions of his program, Mr. Deng-
hausen sang a number of charming Volks-
lieder, for which he played his own accom-
paniment. The pathos and humor of these
songs were well accentuated, and much ap-
preciated by the audience. The program was
Du bist wie eine Blume.
An den Sonnenschein.
Schone Wiege meiner I.eiden.
An den Mond.
So viel Steme am Himmel.
Wie bist du, meine Konegin.
Traum durch die Damm'rung.
The Preparation of the High
qualities that mark the gentleman and the
lady; then we want physical vigor, moral
health and strength, and intellectual at-
tainments and power."
One of the most imporcant elements of
the teacher's professional equipment is_ ade-
quate scholarship — "scholarship that is at
once broad and deep." The secondary
teacher must be able to kindle intellectual
enthusiasm in his pupils, to impart richness
and breadth to his subject. It is a mistake
to suppose that technical training can take
the place of scholarship. It is equally a
mistake to hold that scholarship per se en-
sures teaching ability. It is no more true
that "the teacher is born and not made"
than it is that the physician is born and not
made. Genius will succeed in any profession
in spite of lack of professional preparation,
but it must be remembered that the majority
of high-school teachers are not geniuses.
Teaching ability is, therefore, a qualifica-
tion that must be added to personal qualities
and scholarship. "Scholarship must be
overhauled from the teacher's point of view."
The teacher must ask himself : ' ' What ought
the pupil to get from this subject under my
guidance?" "Conscious aims, clearly and
discriminatingly defined, constitute an im-
portant part of the teacher's professional
The teacher must therefore study his pro-
fession. He must study the child and indi-
vidual children. The attitude of insight and
sympathy must be developed through the
study of principles of education and related
subjects. He must also have a professional
horizon: he must see his own work in re-
lation to the work of his colleagues. He
must know the origin and development of
high schools, and must view the high school
as a social institution.
But his horizon is still too narrow if he
knows nothing of the history of the great
profession into which he is entering. "The
history of education is the history of cul-
ture." The ideals embodied in educational
writings are a source of fruitful thinking on
educational theory and practice.
To this should be added proper facilities
for observation of schools and teaching and
a certain amount of practice teaching super-
vised by departments of education.
On Monday evening, January 9, Professor
Paul H. Hanus, Professor of Education in
Harvard University, gave an address upon
the subject: "The Preparation of the High
School Teacher." Professor Hanus pointed
out the various causes which ha\e ob-
structed the appropriate development of the
training of college-bred teachers for high-
school work, such as the indifference or hos-
tility to such training sometimes shown by
advisers of prospective teachers, and failure
on the part of some superintendents to ap-
preciate the value of professional prepara-
tion in candidates for school positions.
The personal qualities of the prospective
high-school teacher are of the utmost im-
portance. Some persons ought never to be
teachers. "What we want first of all in can-
didates for the teaching profession are the
DR. CARTER'S LECTURE.
On Wednesday afternoon, January II,
Dr. Jesse Benedict Carter, director of the
American School of Classical Studies in
Rome, gave a most interesting talk on the
"Master Builders of Ancient Rome." Those
of us who were privileged to hear him were
held throughout by the clear, enthusiastic
delivery of his lecture — the subject of which
was so far-reaching as to have easily stupe-
fied us. Professor Carter sketched vividly
and in considerable detail the work of the
various great men who together made Rome
what she has been to the world. Even before
the coming of man, he said, the site of Rome
had all the requisites of a great c ; ty — all the
valuable material which was later to be used
for building her walls and castles. The first
men that settled in that vicinity were a race
of which we know little — nothing except that
they were a seafaring people, that they in-
habited all the Western Mediterranean, and
that they have left a few remains, such as the
Dolmen and Stonehenge. Then came the
Italic race across the Alps somewhere from
the North. These were a simple, agricul-
tural people who did not form big cities or
build great walls, as we would suppose, but
merely barricaded themselves within little
villages; a people who had practically no
religion, no ideals, no wish except for the
continuance of plenty. These people were
not Romans yet, for, as Dr. Carter said, the}'
had not yet had the teaching from the out-
side world to make them so. Rome, he
pointed out, is really only a force, an attitude
of mind, the ability to grasp things from
others and adapt them to herself. This be-
lief does not in the least diminish her power,
as would at first appear; it merely represents
how, from the very beginning, Rome was a
When the Etruscans came from Babylon,
through Greece, over the Mediterranean
and thence through Egypt to Italy, the first
Romanizing began. The Etruscans w=re a
mixed race, and therefore brilliant but short-
lived. They loved the city life, and it was
they who made the city of Rome. Now oc-
curred the first unifieatiuii " fchos
towns into one organized state with the first
idea of patriotism attached to it. The tem-
ple to Jupiter, Juno and Mmerva, on the
Capitoline Hill, was an Etruscan temple;
the Etruscans began worshipping the temple
of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, and Rome
itself is an Etruscan name. Thus Rome goes
forth into her history. Professor Carter re-
marked here that it is time, not distance, that
counts in the developing of a country; that
Rome would never have fallen apart if she
had had railroads, telegraphy and the other
modern equipments we have to-day; that the
United States has done probably as much in
one hundred and fifty years as Rome did in
two hundred. These two hundred years of
Rome's development were not, with but a few
exceptions, such as Appius Claudius, Dr.
Carter said, years of much building. Not
until the time of the two Gracchi was any
great originality shown. These two patriotic
men, m spite of their well-meant intentions,
really accomplished nothing except harm for
Rome. Tiberius, in order to effect his pur-
pose, broke the law, the results of which ex-
ample have caused some of the greatest evils
in every large country. Gaius, in his turn.
made the beginning of our big modern prob-
lem, socialism, by using the people to ac-
complish ends for the government. Dr.
Carter added here that, in the interests of
everyone, socialism is an attack that mu^t be
conquered and succeeded by individualism.
The next master-builder was Gaius Marius.
who gave Rome her army: then Bulla made
the foundations for her constitution, which
Augustus was to complete. Next in line
came Pompey, who, Dr. Carter said, really
did nothing permanent for Rome. Jul-'us
Cossar, although beginning many valuable
ideas, did really not succeed in his work, his
failure of which was due partly to his short
life and partly to his inability to make people
work with him. Professor Carter declared
(Continued on page 4.)
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All business correspondence should be addressed
to Ridie Guion, Business Manager, College News.
All subscriptions should be sent to Miss Helen
All advertising correspondence should be addressed
to Miss B. M. Beckford, Wellesley.
Editor-in-Chief, Imogene Kelly, 1911
Associate Editor, Muriel Bacheler, 1012
\ Literary Editors,
Cathrene H. Peebles, 1912 Carol Williams, 191
Mildred Washburn, 1912 Helen Cross, 191
Mabel Winslow, 1913
Alumnae Editor, Sarah J. Woodward, 1905
Business Manager, Ridie Guion, 1911
Subscription Editor, Helen Goodwin, 191
Frances Gray, 1912 Josephine Guion, 191
Advertising Manager, Bertha M. Beckford
"Entered as second class matter, November
1903, at the Post-Office at Wellesley, Mass., un
the Act of Congress, March 3. 1879."
Blessed are fools, for theirs is the kingdom
of laughter! And happy are we, for having
them here. You can always tell one by
certain elasticity of gait, a certain gleam of
eye, a potential doubling-up-ness, that doe:
not belong to ordinary mortals. They are
always very ready to declare themselves
fools; they were born to their estate, they
say, with a hint of royal assurance. Indeed,
a fool can no more be made than a poet!
Always desirable, fools become sometimes
very necessity of very necessities. You sit
in gloom and wonder seriously if half the
college isn't hopelessly dull, and the other
half hopelessly selfish; if "college spirit"
isn't an unknown quantity, and the joy of liv-
ing a fiction invented by some weak-brained
ancestor — when lo, a fool! Presently a grin,
broad as a barn-door, breaks up your erst-
while cast-iron countenance; you titter,
gurgle, roar — and realize that you ate sar-
dines and fudge-cake in the dead of the night
before, and that your cynicism does not
therefore spring from human depravity.
You are even rather ashamed of yourself,
instead of priding yourself on your superior
After that, life goes better. Things "strike
you funny." You "nearly die" whenever
you meet anybody else afflicted in the same
Hayden's Jewelry Store,
Solid Gold and Sterling Jewelry for All Occasions
DEVELOPING AND PRINTING
BIRTHDAY AND WEDDING GIFTS
TECO POTTERY, BRASS, PICTURES
RENTING DEPT.— We are continuing
the renting of pictures, and in addition
are renting Portable Electrics, Jardi-
nieres, Tea Tables and Shirt-waist
ABELL STUDIO AND GIFT SHOP
Expert Repairing and Diamond Setting.
DR. L. D. H. FULLER
Nut to Wellesley Inn T.I. 145-2
Hours: 8.30—5.30 Daily, Tuesdays excepted
P. E. SALIPANTE
New Figs, Dates, Nuts and
We make a specialty on Jar Figs
Tel. 29-1 1 Grove Street
Orders Delivered Promptly
The ATHLETIC SWEATER
SWAGGER RAIN COAT
way. Your humorous,ness is not hysterical
or even very silly, for the kingdom that fools
inherit lies in the land of sanity and kindli
ness And that is only one way of saying
that, after all our self-analysis, our painfully-
conscientious criticism of our "attitude," our
struggling for "perspective," "balance," and
all our other misty desiderata, the person
who can laugh at us and herself is a very
wholesome and generally agreeable person.
Because, after all, we are very funny! With
all honor to midyear grinding, we will not
know very much when we get through col-
lege — or the ages. Yet we go at problems
that are white with age, we get proctored
Sunday nights discussing immortality, free-
dom of the will and the ultimate reality —
should the gods the giftie gie us, how very
humorous we would see us! Of course, it is
just as well, perhaps it is imperative, that
our ideals should sometimes plunge us into
the depths of despair; but how warm should
our gratitude be to the kind souls who
throw the plank of humor into our mire!
For their sakes and our own, let us laugh
more, if we are not of the laughing kind. We
will keep our desiderata and our watchful-
ness, we will not forget our hoped-for dusting
of the old universe, but we will remember
that the sun is almost always shining, and
that when it does not, there is rather apt to
be a mist on the lake. You see, it is not
altogether that we take ourselves too seri-
ously — it is partly that we do not take the
world at all. Many a day we wake thinking
"If I can live this day through, I'll be glad!
Five recitations and gym!" We have for-
gotten entirely the delight with which we
used to hail a day as a new plaything — but
the fools have not. Let us back to our old
zest for life and living!
If you are the laughing kind — but if you
are, perhaps you are a fool yourself! If you
are, the editor wants to stop writing to shake
hands with you and ask you if it isn't really
very good fun!
The Lamp Posts Given by 1880.
Every one in college has.no doubt, by this
time, had occasion to notice the handsome
bronze lamp-posts being set up in front of
the Library, to take the place of the un-!
sightly poles which have so long disfigured'
the spot. The new ornaments are the gift;
of the class of 1880. At their last reunion,
having seven hundred dollars or so in their
AS WELL AS
Alay be found at
E. A. DAVIS',
Gloves cleaned and returned in two day
treasury, and desirious to present Wellesley
with something both valuable and serviceable,
the class, to quote Professor Bates (presi-
dent of 1880), "decided that their light
could best be made to shine by giving a
number of ornamental lamp-posts" to re-
place some of the ungainly electric light
poles now patroling the campus. Two of
these ornamental lamp-posts have already
arrived and, as has been said, are being set
up in front of the Library. When the others
come they are to be placed in pairs along
the walk from the Library to College Hall.
1880 hopes that their example will be fol-
lowed by others so that in time the whole
campus may be lighted in this way. The
new lamp-posts are exceedingly elegant,
simple, and graceful in design. 1880's name
is carved on the base of each one. Wellesley
of the present should and no doubt will
feel deeply grateful to the class of 1880 for
the great improvement.
INSIST ON HAVING THE GENUINE
OVER TWO HUNDRED STYLES
WORN ALL OVER THE WORLD
LDED RUBBER BUTTON
: Frost Co., makers, boston, mass., u.s.a.
160 Tremont Street, Boston
Over the English Tea Room.
Wednesday, January 18, at 4.30 P.M., in College Hall Chapel,
a lecture by Prof. A. B. Hawes on "Roman Africa."
Friday, January 20, evening, in Jordan Hall, Boston, presenta-
tion of the "Spanish Gypsy" by the Boston Wellesley Club.
Saturday, January 21, afternoon, in Jordan Hall, Boston, second
presentation of the "Spanish Gypsy."
Saturday, January 21, at 7.30, in the Barn, Barnswallows.
Sunday, January 22, at 11 A.M., service in Houghton Memorial
Chapel. Sermon by Dr. Henry Van Dyke of Princeton,
At 7.00 P.M., in the chapel, vespers. Special music.
Monday, January 23, at 7.30 P.M., in the Barn, Alliance Fran-
Josephine Preston Peabody's play, "The Piper," is being
produced in London by the same company that presented it so
charmingly at Stratford-on-Avon. It is proving one of the suc-
cesses of the season.
Miss Frances Taft, 1909, gave a talk on the attitude of the for.
eign missionary at the Agora House last Sunday afternoon.
At the meeting of the Social Study Circle held last Tuesday
evening at the Tau Zeta Epsilon House, Mr. Ohsool, member
of the Second Russian Douma, and Mrs. Delano lectured. The
meeting was a Tolstoi Memorial.
The Thursday evening meeting of the Christian Association
was led by Carol Williams. Miss Blanche Fishback led the village
On January 16, the members of Economics 6 class visited the
Woman's Reform Prison in Sherborne, Massachusetts.
The Class of 1912 had a class tea on Saturday afternoon at
the Agora House in honor of Frances Taft.
Professor John Franklin Brown, Ph.D., has been appointed
lecturer in Secondary Education and has charge for a part of the
year, of the class of graduate students in Secondary Education.
Professor Brown was formerly Professor of Education in the Uni-
versity of Iowa, and has recently made an extensive study of secon-
dary schools in Europe. He is also the author of well-known books
on educational subjects.
STUDENT GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION.
The attention of all members of the Student Government
Association is called to the date and time of the next business meet-
ing, which is to occur at 7.30 P.M., on Friday, January 27, 1911,
The attendance at the last meeting was very small. The entire
student body is asked to co-operate in making this meeting a success.
NOTICE— ALLIANCE FRANCAISE.
The Alliance Francaise will present: — "La Souris," Comedie
en trois actes par Edouard Pailleron, de l'academie Francaise,
at the Barn, Monday evening, January 23rd, 191 1, at 7.30 sharp.
Tickets at fifteen cents, sold at the elevator table 9.00-12.30 Thurs-
days and Fridays. Geraldine Howarth, 120 College Hall and
Alice Butler, 80 Shafer, will sell tickets any day, 8-8.20 and 5.30-6.
WELLESLEY NATIONAL BANK.
Hours, 8, A.M. to 2, P.M., Saturdays, 8 to 12, M.
Additional Hours for College Customers,
3.30, P.M. to 5, P.M., Tuesdays and Fridays.
CHARLES N. TAYLOR, Pres. ROBERT 0. SHAW, JR., Vice-Pres
B. W. GUERNSEY, Cashier.
Admission tickets (15 cents) sold at door. Excellent cakes sold
between acts. Programmes, with summary of the play in English,
given at the door. D. S.
GOLD FOR THE BLUE.
Confiscation, 50c $ 16.67
Class of 1909 900.00
Article by D. O. Applegate 4.00
Our $700.00 is still partly visionary. The report next week
will be by houses. Let's see how much of the $700.00 we can get.
It will make the outlines of our Student Alumna building more
It is hoped that all can so plan preparation for examinations
as to reserve Monday evening, January 30, to attend the lecture
by Professor Aitken of Lick Observatory, Mount Hamilton, Califor-
nia. Professor Aitken will speak on his own special department
of Astronomy, Double Stars. He has himself examined five thou-
sand close double-star systems with the great telescope of the Lick
Observatory, and calculated the orbits of the components.
A second-hand "Hammond" typewriter for sale. In very
good condition. Inquire at 46 Norumbega, Mildred Jenks.
AT THE THEATERS.
Shubert: Mane Cahill in "Judy Forgot."
Majestic: "Madame X."
Hollis-Street : David Warfield in ' ' The Return of Peter Grimm. ' '
"The excellence of the supporting company adds much to
the play's effectiveness." — The Herald.
Boston: Mme. Sarah Bernhardt.
"Beauty and simplicity are uppermost in her acting." — The
Colonial: "The Dollar Princess."
Tremont: "Ziegfeld Revue Follies of 1910."
"A piece remarkable for its lavish staging." — The Herald.
Park: "Arsene Lupin," with William Courtney.
Globe: "The Rosary."
Herrick, Copley square, Back Bay, has the best seats for all
theaters. Telephones, 2329, 2330, 2331, Back Bay.
Twentieth Century Club: Mr. Ogilvie's Water-colors.
20 Copley Hall: Mr. Millar's Etchings.
Museum of Fine Arts: Works of John LaFarge.
Doll Sz Richards': Engravings by Nauteuil.
Copley' Gallery: Mrs. Perry's Portraits.
Copley Gallery: Miss Robins's Water-colors.
Kimball's Gallery: Mr. Enneking's Paintings.
Vose's Gallery: M/. Waugh's Paintings.
Arts and Crafts: Exhibition of Leather- work.
m LOMBARD BLOUSE
IS MOST POPULAR WITH
We GUARANTEE the Blue Flannel Collar on Our $1.25
Blouse (o be ABSOLUTELY FAST COLOR
Our Blouses Are Not For Sale in Wellesley Stores
MAIL ORDERS FILLED PROMPTLY
Henry S. Lombard
22 to 26 Merchants Row, - BOSTON, MASS.
STURTEVANT & HALEY
BEEF AND SUPPLY COMPANY
33 and 40 Faneuil Hall Market
Telephone 933 Richmond hotel supplies a bpeciaxtt.
(Continued from page 1.)
DR. CARTER'S LECTURE.
that Augustus was the truly great man of his time — one of the most
charming figures in Roman history, and perhaps the greatest diplo-
mat the world has ever known. He realized what Julius Caesar had
not — that in order to succeed he must conceal his ability, he must
forever withhold all claims to his being a great man. But in reality
he built up Rome, made her a lasting power and unified her people
by instituting a common religion, which was the worship of their
emperor. The emperors following Augustus, Professor Carter went
on to say, do not deserve mention, with the exception of Nerva,
Trajan and Hadrian. Finally, the empire grew so large that one
ruler could not compass it, and it was divided. Then Constantine,
realizing that Rome was no longer the middle of the kingdom, moved
the capitol to Constantinople. At this point we would suppose that
Rome would cease to be a great city, and it is most significant, Dr-
Carter showed us, that her power was not in the slightest degree
diminished, which fact again reminds us that Rome stands for a
spiritual idea, and is therefore permanent.
Between the birth of Christ and the time of Constantine, an-
other important master-builder deserves attention. The apostle
Paul was the first to preach that Christianity was not meant exclu-
sively for the Jews, but also for the Romans; so he carried his re-
ligion to Rome. After Constantine's time the Barbarian tribes be-
gan to migrate, and in 410 the Visigoths accomplished what no one
had been able to do for eight hundred years— gain admittance
within the walls of Rome. Of course it was inevitable then that
the Romans, who believed that a religion was meant only for prac-
tical purposes, should think that it was this new faith, Christianity,
that had brought the curse upon them and should wish to abolish it.
At this point another great master-builder began his work. Augus-
tine, after having been baptized by Bishop Ambrose in Milan,
helped to solve the problem of Rome's religion by preaching to her
people that, even if Rome should fall, there was another great city —
the City of God, which belonged to them. These prophecies of a
purely spiritual Catholic church were too advanced, however, for
the Romans to understand, and it was left to the next master-
builder, Benedict, to develop their religion. Benedict and his fol-
lowers, Dr. Carter said, were the beginners of monasticism. At this
time, this practice was not mournful or hysterical, but joyful and
practical. The Benedictines copied valuable manuscripts, were both
schoolmasters and pioneers, and were in general the great civilizing
force of Europe.
However, Rome was, and is, something more than mere culture
written down in books. If she were not, she would be no more than
Greece is to-day; but it is because she was essentially a living or-
ganization that she occupies her present position. And it was the
next, and one of her greatest master-builders, who made this possi-
ble. At this time there were only two or three thousand people left
The Intercollegiate Bureau of Academic Costume
COTRELL & LEONARD
ALBANY, N. Y.
Makers of the
Caps, Gowns and Hoods
to Wellesley, Radcllffe, Mount Holyoke,
._ Bryn Mawr, Barnard, Woman's College
of Baltimore, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Cornell, Univ.
of Pa., Dartmouth, Brown, Williams, Amherst, Colorado
College, Stanford and the others.
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in the deserted city, who were surrounded on all sides by the devas-
tating Lombards, with no one to take the lead. Gregory the Great
now stepped to the front simply because there was no one else, and .
gaining the people's confidence and co-operation, and summoning
the aid of the Franks, who were also haters of the Lombards, finally
succeeded in turning them away. Thus, with the coronation of
Charlemagne, a new line of master-builders began, with Rome now
as the religious and spiritual center of the world.
NURSING AS A VOCATION FOR WOMEN.
On the afternoon of Saturday, January 7, 191 1, Miss Sara
E. Parsons, head of the nurses of the Massachusetts General Hospi-
tal, gave a short talk on the home-making value of training as a
nurse and on nursing as a vocation for women. In proof of her
first point she enumerated outside of the care of the sick, other
useful subjects, such as Home Economics, Dietetics, Hygiene and
other things in the line of preventive medicine.
Various positions open to the trained nurse were spoken of;
private nursing at twenty-five dollars per week with increase on
special cases; positions with doctors as office nurses, or as surgeon's
assistants at from seventy-five to one hundred dollars a month,
and the added advantage of being able to lhe in one's own home;
positions in the army and navy paying from forty to one hundred
dollars a month according to length of service, this being increased
during service abroad; district nurses are also much in demand,
the work for them being much harder and bringing in less monetary
recompense. There are also places in social service for the nurse,
paying from one thousand to twelve hundred dollars a year, such
as positions at milk stations for sick babies, at settlement houses,
or as superintendents or matrons of various homes and the like.
School nurses are now being introduced into all the larger cities
who examine the children, report to the doctors and investigate
home conditions, and the missionary field is a wide one.
Three years are required in preparation for this sort of work
and only persons of good health and constitution are advised to
attempt it. The expense of the years of training amounts to little;
in fact, girls have been known to get along on fifty dollars a year
outside of the allowance given her by the training school for her
laundry and small personal expenses.
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 Each chocolate is DIPT with a FORK,
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 The Fruit Flavors are PURE FRUITS,
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years — long before the Pure Food Law
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 The Chocolate Coating is of the richest
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LECTURE ON COLOR BLINDNESS.
Professor Hayes of Mt. Holyoke gave an interesting lecture
for the Philosophy Club on Friday evening. The lecture was il-
lustrated throughout by tests for color-blindness.
The problem cf color-blindness, Mr. Hayes says, is quite recent.
The first case was recorded in 1777 by Mr. Schoonmaker, an Eng-
lishman, who discovered that he could not tell the color of cherries
on a cherry tree from that of the leaves. In 1794, Dalton, an Eng-
lish chemist, made the first scientific examination on a case of color
blindness. The Germans became interested in the problem, and in
1835 Zabeck published a work on it. Interest in the practical side
of coloi blindness developed, engineers and pilots were examined,
and a Swede, Mr. Holmgren, investigated thirty thousand people;
he also invented a test now used in testing railroad employees,.
This test consists in selecting bunches of colored worsted, those
that match a given sample, green, for example.
The two varieties of color-blindness are congenital and acquired.
Congenital cases are classed as achromats. those having no
colors; dichromats, those having two colors. Normal people are
called trichromats. This classification is based on the Helmholtz
theory, which supposes three color substances in the eye. There is
great difference of opinion as regards the classification of acquired
cases of color-blindness.
As regards the sensations of these victims, the achromats do
not see colors as such, but as grays. The dichromats are sub-
divided into three classes, deuteronopes or green-blind, and pro-
tonopes or red-blind; the former see red and green alike, and the
latter see red and black alike. It is true only in extreme cases that
dichromats lose reds and greens and see only yellow and blue;
many cases have green or red sensations in some degree. Mon-
ocular cases are the best for experimentation, but only six such
have been recorded, and all of these have some sensation of red or
green. Mr. Hayes, by applying a standard test on a monocular
case, has proved that there are cases of typical color-blind people
seeing greens. The third class of dichromats are tritonopes, those
having blue-yellow blindness , of which there is no well authenticated
m The Ori
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A. A. VAINTIINE & CO.
360 & 3o2 Boylston Street, Boston.
Anomalous cases are of two types: those who see too much red,
and those who see too much green in a mixture. It is claimed that
there are two characteristics of anomalous cases: color weakness
and sensitiveness to contrast. Anomalous color-blindness is in the
fovea, . so this variety is quite as dangerous in an engineer as
any other variety would be.
There is an object in Germany in being color-bl-nd, i. e., to
avoid certain positions in army service, and so many methods of
testing color-blindness have been invented to avoid evasion.
There are no statistics of total color-blindness, and it is very
rare. The frequency of partial color-blindness is not definitely
known. Color-blindness is supposedly rare among women, and this
fact is proved by the statistics that, out of one thousand and fifty
Mt. Holyoke women who have been tested, only six cases of partial
color-blindness are found. Quakers, Jews and the uneducated are
thought to be color-blind, but there is no proof for such an idea.
Four per cent, of the yellow race are color-blind. South Sea Is-
landers show more blue-yellow blindness tendencies than red-
Color-blindness is hereditary, but it skips the women. Two
exceptions to this rule have been found by Mr. Hayes.
The causes of acquired color-blindness are several. A drug like
santonine may cause it temporarily, or excessive use of tobacco or
alcohol, or a disease in the retina, optic nerve or brain. The
causes of congenital blindness are unknown. The Helmholtz theory
claims that one substance is lacking. Acquired color-blindness dis-
appears when the disease causing it is cured, but congenital cases
cannot be cured.
GOOD FOR GIFTS GOOD FOR GIRLS
416 Washington St. (4 Doors North of Summer St.)
flDeat ani> Drink
'To satisfy your thirst for knowledge
And also keep from growing thin,
Just register at Wellesley College
And then attend the Wellesley
OLD NATICK INN
South Natick, Mass.
One mile from Wellesley Colleg*
Br.akfast 8 to 9
Dinner I to 2
Supper 6.30 to 7.30
Tea-room open from 3 to 6
Hot Waffles served on Mondays.
Watch for other specialties.
Tel. Natick 9212 MISS HARRIS, M e r.
JOHN A. MORGAN & CO.
WELLESLEY FRUIT STORE
Carries a full line of Choice Fruit, !
Confectionery and other goods. Veg- !
etables of all kinds, usually found in a :
first class fruit store. Pistachio Nuts, I
especially, Olive Oil and Olives of all I
Free Delivery. Tel. 138-2.
Ladiei' and (louts' Cuilom Tailoring
Suit! Mad* to Ord*r
543 Washington Street, Wellesley, Mass.
F. H. PORTER
Wellesley S q u a r e
Picture Cord, Coat Hangers, Rods,
Mission Stains, All Kinds
Dry and Fancy Goods
M A Q U I R E
The Norman, Wellesley Sq.
F. DIEHL, Jr.
BOARDING AND LIVERY STABLE,
Hacks, Barges for
The Olympian Home Made Candy Co.
(Made Fresh Every Day)
Ice - Cream and Confectionery
Cream Caramels, Peppermints
and Marshmallows a Specialty
551 WASHINGTON STREET, - WEILESLEY, MASS
PARLIAM ENT O F FOOLS.
Every morn Pa sends me clippings
From those yellow journals bad,
And at eve I get from Mother
Notes of Wellesley's latest fad.
If we only could live up to
All this grand publicity!
As it is, we shrink beneath it;
Cling to cloistered modesty.
Those violets by the mossy stone,
Those flowers born to blush unseen,
Are raised to fame all glorious —
Naught can escape reporters keen.
FR EE PRE SS.
The Walnut Hill School
A College Preparatory School for Girls
Miss Conant and Miss Bigclow
| HOLDEN'S STUDIO
20 North Ave., Natick
j High Grade Portraits
Telephon* 1 09-3
Last week, conspicuously posted on the doors of College Hall,
was the legend, "Skating safe only in College Hall Cove." The
bounds of College Hall Cove are indefinite enough, to be sure, but
certainly no one mistook the far end of the lake for the cove. Yet
there were dozens of girls who skated away beyond these set bounda-
ries—" it looked all right," they said, and the slight risk probably
attracted some of them. It never occurred to these girls that
much of the future pleasure of other people might be sacrificed
if any accident befell them, that perhaps next time the authorities
would wait until the whole lake was safe, before giving permission
for skating. If you don't mind risking your own lives and limbs,
pray give a little heed to the selfish cry of those who want their
soort safelv and often. 1911.
F ' II.
A Freshman Class as a whole is not usually "gullible;" yet
about midyear time each individual seems ready to believe every
story told by an upper classman — and the upper classmen seem
to find a delightful sort ot humor in combining the ideas of "Fresh-
men" and "midyears;" a humor which is entirely one-sided, for
they often do not realize the distorted ideas and genuine distress
which they have given to the Freshmen, who have not the vaguest
idea, often, of what "midyears" are like, and who cannot take a
sensible attitude toward them. A Freshman said to the writer
not long ago, "You are the first person who has said one encourag-
ing thing about midyears; everyone has been frightening me."
The upper classmen have a distinct responsibility toward the
Freshmen in more ways than one; and especially at this time of
the year, they have more influence than they realize. It is very
easy for a girl to fail from pure nervousness and an all night "cram,"
while, under different circumstances, she would pass without diffi-
culty. It is a very simple thing for the upper classmen to give
1914 an idea of how to spend the coming ten days in a sane, practi-
cal way, without worry and late hours. A small amount of com-
mon sense will carry every Freshman through with flying colors.
The fact that "a low voice is an excellent thing in women" has
recently been realized as a great truth, by some members of Welles-
ley College. Why any girl with the ordinary regard for others that
is expected of a college student, should insist on running through
corridors at midnight and waking people from deepest sleep, is quite
beyond comprehension— it might be overlooked if it were a Fresh-
man on her first night at Noanetc but that anyone who has gone as
far as College Hall in her career should behave so childishly is
altogether disgusting. .
Another time that this word of the immortal Shakespeare
was brought home to some of us with force, was at Christmas
vespers, when from the gallery it was quite impossible to tell whether
the choir was singing "Silent Night" or "Blow ye the Trumpet.'
College may fail to teach us some lessons about sines and
tangents, but at least let us all learn the lesson of regard for others'
sensibilities, if we have none of our own.
41 West St., Boston
THE WELLESLEY FLORIST
Office. 555 Washington St. Tel. 44-2
Conservatories, 103 Linden St.
Orders by Mail or Otherwise are
Given Prompt Attention.
J. TA1LBY & SON, Props.
CHOPS, STEAKS, SALADS,
Always ready for
Wellesley Spa and Bakery
Catering for College Spreads,
Class Parties, Etc.
Ice-cream at wholesale and retail. All
orders promptly attended to. Our
celebrated fudge cake shipped to all
parts of the United States.
Try Our Delicatessen.
583 Washington Street, Wellesley, Mass.
Opp. the Inn. Tel. Wellesley 225-2.
Cloth. - 35c
500 Volumes now ready
On Sale At
Wellesley Toilet Parlors
Manager, MISS RUTH HODQKINS Telephor
TAYLOR. BLOCK, - . Rooms 4-5. WELLESLEY
Open from 8.30 AM to 6 P.M. Mondays until 8 P. M.
Wright & Ditson SWEATERS
There is nothing better for the cold Winter days and
nights than a comfortable all Worsted Sweater. Our
heavy Coat Sweaters With Collar are superior to any
sweater ever made, and for an article to be worn instead
of an overcoat our regular Jacket Sweater ought to be
HI fii /-1 » J. WELLESLEY
. L. Flagg Co., Agents., mass.
IT is not the price we charge that makes
them so good. It is the care we take
in designing every line, that shows the
sincerity that is only to be seen in the
product of the master workman
THAYER, McNEIL & HODGKINS,
47 Temple Place, BOSTON, 15 West Street.
FREE PRESS— Continued.
The editorial in your issue of January n, 191 1, mentions the
desire of Wellesley College students for a course in the "World's
Classics," in which they confess "they are wofully lacking."
Such a general and comprehensive course might, by collabora-
tion of the several Departments of Biblical History for Hebrew, of
English, of French, of German, of Greek, of Italian, of Spanish, for
the classics of their respective fields, be presented in lectures with
collateral readings in translations, and provide a scholarly and
native interpretation, in English, of the chief masterpieces human-
ity has produced. T. C.
THE ERNST VON WOLZOGEN LECTURE.
On the evening of January 31, at Billings Hall, Wellesley is to
have the privilege of hearing a lecture given by Ernst von Wolzogen,
poet, playwright, and truly, as one critic has said, "a man of life
and letters." The baron has played a large and interesting part in
the movement begun some twenty years ago in Germany, for the
popularizing of art, especially in such forms of entertainment as the
variety show, burlesque, extravaganza, and the like. In company
with such men as Otto Julius Bierbaum, Otto Eruh Hartleben and
Detler von Lilienkron, he wrote his own poetic little ballads and
chansons, and sang them to his own music, often on the boards or in
the cabarets that this new entertainment made popular; and, in
proof that art was not desecrated, it will be found that these series of
poems still appeal, in their printed form, not only to the popular
but to the literary epicurean with his carefully -chosen library.
Having tried his hand at comic opera, straight comedy, to say
nothing of various forms of fiction, Ernst von Wolzogen has now
turned his attention to the "Open Air" Theater. " Die Maebrant,"
given with great success in 1909 at the Open Air Theater in Wies-
baden, was the first play written expressly to suit the out-of-door
There is no quicker way to reach the people than through its
amusements, thinks this very versatile man of letters, whom Ger-
many includes in the very first rank of her present-day authors; and
we look forward to his coming with great interest as that of a man
who has successfully confronted the American manager who de-
fends his cheap and tawdry productions with "We give the public
what the public wants."
NOTICE— SHORT STORIES WANTED.
The chief and constant need of The Youth's Companion is for
suitable short stories. These may be designed especially to interest
boys or girls, or the whole household. They may deal with pathos,
humor, adventure, heroism, with uncommon or with every-day
events. In their appeal and their substance, they may fulfil these
suggestions separately or by a blending of elements. They should
never contain more than four thousand words, and may be as short
as twelve hundred.
We will ask the writer to bear in mind that the ideal stoiy for
The Companion contains at least one effective incident and — more
important still — deals with the formation or illustration of char-
acter. The range of possible topics is wide, even though fairy stories,
religious and political stories, especially such as may excite con-
troversy, are to be avoided. The element of love, employed inci-
dentally and not as the leading motive, is by no means unsuitable
in a story otherwise well adapted to the paper's use. Humorous
stories and stories of adventure serve their purpose if they simply
entertain ; but writers of humorous stories should aim at comedy
rather than at farce. All writers arc urged to employ dialect as
sparingly as possible.
The Youth's Companion is intended for intelligent young peo-
ple, both boys and girls, and for general family reading. Therefore
we cannot use the distinctively juvenile stories often sent to us.
Of Unusual Merit
Ward's LEAKNOT Fountain Pen
May be carried in any position in Pocket, Baic or Trunk, and it
No more Inky Fingers or Clothing
Don't fail to see these Pens at
COLLEGE BOOK STORE
U/ADH'Q SAMUEL WARD COMPANY
WMHU O 57_63 FranKlin St., Boston
Unless by special arrangement for greater length, articles, not
fiction, should be kept within one thousand words.
Like all editors, those of The Companion ask for legibli
typewritten or manuscript, on one side of the paper only, not rolled,
and accompanied with postage. Contributions arc paid
liberal rates, not fixed, immediately upon acceptance.
At certain times some of the needs specified below are more-
pressing than others; but there is no time at which the best stories
of any of the following classes are not desired:
1. Stories for the first page, from 3,000 to 4,000 words in
length; for boys, for girls, or for the whole family. For boys, the
story of business, farm, school, college or domestic life — not pri-
marily a story of adventure — is always welcome.
2. Stories for the second page, from 1,200 to 2,000 words in
length; of feminine or masculine interest. There is always a place
here for the best stories of a humorous turn.
3. Short stories of adventure, generally used on the last story-
page, from 1,500 to 2,500 words in length; stirring, plausible, and of
healthy tone. There is no department of Companion fiction in
which the demand is more steadily urgent.
CHRISTIAN SOCIALIST CENTER.
For the benefit of those interested in Socialism, the News calls
attention to the formation of an organization in Boston known as
the Christian Socialist Fellowship. Its purpose is to "study the
Socialist movement seriously in all its theoretical and practical
phases." The organization plans to accomplish its work through a
"school wherein the modern economic and ethical ideas can be
taught to children in an interesting and effective manner, and
through a regular Sunday meeting of adults, wherein Socialism
will be presented in its constructive phases. It is planned to make
this a genuine propaganda meeting for inouirers and students."
These Sunday meetings are to be held in the Pierce building. Room
301, Copley square, Boston, at 3 P.M., and are to be addressed, for
the present at least, by Mr. George Willis Cooke. Some of Mr.
Cooke's subjects are: "Causes of Social Injustice," "Property or
Human Life," "Classes and Class Consciousness," "Democracy
and Socialism," "How Socialism will Come," "The Co-operative
Commonwealth," "The New Social Vision."
In addition to notes concerning graduates, the Alumnas
column will contain items of interest about members of the
Faculty, past and present, and former students.
Miss Margaret Sherwood, Associate Professor of English Liter-
ature, contributed to the December Atlantic a review of recent
fiction. This article, entitled "Lying Like Truth." which gives a
keen and illuminating analysis of current novels as well as certain
fundamental suggestions about the aim of the American novel, has
attracted wide attention.
Miss Margaret H. Jackson, Associate Professor of Italian, has
an article on "Antonio Pucci's Poems" in the Codice Kirkupiano
of Wellesley College, in Roumania, issue of April-July, 1910.
Wellesley is represented this year at the American College for
Girls in Constantinople by Miss Louise I. Jenison, 1908, who is In-
structor in Chemistry. The second of the college's public lecture
course was given by Miss Elizabeth Iv. Kendall, Professor of His-
tory at Wellesley, on the topic. "A Visit to a Western Thi
JANUARY WHITE SALE
Began December 29th
Thousands of dollars' worth of Women's Undermuslins
and other White Goods are offered at
Reductions of 1-3 to 1-2
Jordan Marsh Company
ALUMNA NOTES- Continued.
Miss Sarah S. Bauman, 1906, is teaching German in the High
School at Camden, New Jersey. Her address is 429 Penn Street.
Miss Mary L. Marot, 1889-1891, visited Wellesley recently.
THE WELLESLEY CLUBS.
A Wellesley Club has been recently formed in Kansas City,
with the following officers: President, Mrs. Willard R. Douglas,
(Floyd Smith, 1897); Vice-president, Miss Catherine Bell Mapes,
1910; Secretary and Treasurer, Miss Elizabeth A. Sooy, 1906;
Executive Committee, Miss Mary Rockwell, 1900; Mrs. Faun W.
Freeborn, (Louise E. Baldwin, 1899); Mrs. Arthur D. Brookfield.
A meeting will be held in January to decide on a means of raising
money for the Students' building.
The December meeting ot the New York Wellesley Club was
held at the home of Mrs. Richard Billings, (May Merrill, 1895).
Various plans for adding to the Students' Building Fund were
discussed, the most satisfactory being an outdoor presentation of
a play in the spring. The presence of the undergraduates was
greatly appreciated by the club.
The Seattle Wellesley Club has presented a copy of the Alice
Freeman Palmer Memorial to the Seattle Broadway High School.
The speech of presentation was made bv Mrs. J. Addison Campbell,
(Anna S. London, 1880- 1882).
The Boston Wellesley College Club held an informal meeting
at the home of Mrs. Elizabeth Mathews Richardson, 1897, in Rox-
bury, January 7. The subject of the afternoon was: "Social Serv-
ice." Mrs. William Hill, (Caroline W. Rogers, 1900), spoke on the
"Woman's Municipal League of Boston" and what the League does
to improve the life of the city. Miss Lucy Wright, 1900, spoke on
the work that is being done for the blind by the state. Miss Alice
Walmsley, 1906, presented the work of College Settlements in gen-
eral and Denison House in particular. Miss Mary Gilson, 1899,
spoke of the work in salesmanship among the store girls, under the
supervision of Mrs. Lucinda W. Prince, (1891-1893). Mrs. Alfred
S. Clark. (Sue B. Ainslee, 1903), gave some of the problems of working
girls. Miss Alice Hunt, 1895, spoke of the Child Labor Laws in
Rhode Island. Following these talks, Mrs. John C. Hurll, (Estella
May Hurll, 1882), spoke in behalf of the Anne Eugenia Morgan
Memorial, and Miss Alice W. Stockwell, 1904, gave a report of the
play, "Spanish Gypsy," to be given in Boston, January 20. An
informal tea followed the meeting. The attendance at the meeting
was large, about one hundred and thirty being present.
Miss Mary Louise Rogers, (Wellesley, 1898, and Brown, 1902),
to the Reverend Frank Rector, D.D., of Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
Miss Mabel Bartlett Waldron, 1906, to Mr. Ralph Hayward
of Salem, Massachusetts.
Miss Hattie Brown, 1907, to Mr. Ripley Watson, Rutgers,
1908, of Jersey City, New Jersey.
Miss Mabelle M. Russell, 1907, to Lieutenant John Mather,
Coast. Artillery Corps, brother of Alice Mather, 1906.
Miss H. Marguerite Draper, of the Class of 191 1, to Mr. Walter
Blair Adams of Boston, Massachusetts.
Ashton — Richards. December 14, J910, in Danvers, Massa-
chusetts, Miss Harriet P. Richards to Mr. Joseph N. Ashton, As-
sociate Professor of Music at Wellesley College, 1907-1908.
Ballou — Lynde. December 27, 1910, at Westminster, Massa-
chusetts, Miss Grace Florence Lynde, 1909, to Mr. John Roscoe
Farnham — Smith. December 29, 1910, at Harrisburg, Penn-
sylvania, Miss Florence Marie Smith, 1908, to Mr. Isaiah Henry
Farnham of Wellesley, Massachusetts. At home, 1321 North 26th
Street, Birmingham, Alabama.
Hatch — Smith. January 10, 191 1, at Elm Ridge, Alton,
Illinois, Miss Ellen Dean Smith, 1898, to Mr. Pascal Enos Hatch.
At home after March 1, 1005 North 7th Street, Springfield, Illinois.
Garfield — Reynolds. January 12, 191 1, at Syracuse, New
York, Miss Ruby Jessie Reynolds, 1905, to Mr. Umberto D. Gar-
field. At home after March 1, 97 Hemenway Street, Boston,
December 2, 1910, in Logansport, Indiana, a daughter, Harriet
Lucy, to Mrs. Francis Watts, (Ethel Burnett, 1901).
December 8, 1910, in New Orleans, Louisiana, a second daugh-
ter, Martha Mary, to Mrs. Jesse C. Remick, (Edna Whidden, 1903).
December, 1910, in Sudbury, Massachusetts, a daughter,
Nancy, to Mrs. Charles H. Way, (Florence M. Piper, formerly of
December 11, 1910, Plainfield, New Jersey, Mrs. Annie K.
Kampman, mother of Carol Kampman, 1902.
January 10, 191 1, Reading, Pennsylvania, Mrs. J. W. Byrne,
mother of Alice Hill Byrne, 1908.
January 11, 1911, Dover, New Hampshire, Mr. Arthur Oilman
Tufts, brother of Miss Tufts,